Research

My research spans several  sub-fields: (i)  Innovation and Entrepreneurship; (ii) Regional Science and Urban Economics; and (iii) Development Economics and Labour Economics.  See below for a description of my research.  Alternatively, you may navigate to my Researchgate profile page to read or to follow my research.

  1. Innovation and Entrepreneurship
Post-Entry Survival Rates of New Enterprises in China

Post-Entry Survival Rates (by year) of New Enterprises in China (Howell, 2015)

My research looks at  how public policy influences firms’ innovation process (both in terms of the decision to invest  and the amount  to invest), and how that innovation, in turn, influences firms’ economic performance.  I am also interested in the determinants and impacts of entrepreneurship,  and in particular, the role of policy in motivating individuals to transition into self-employment.

 

Relevant Publications/Working Papers (Selected)

  1. Howell, A. (2016). Firm R\&D, Innovation and Easing  Financial Constraints in China: Does Corporate Tax Reform Matter? Research Policy (Forthcoming). (Link) 
  2. Howell, A. (2015). ‘Indigenous’ Innovation with Heterogeneous Risk and New Firm Survival in a Transitioning Chinese Economy, Research Policy 44:1866-1876.  (Link)
  3. Howell, A., “Picking ‘Winners’ in China: Do Subsidies Matter for Indigenous Innovation and Firm Productivity?” China Economic Review (R&R).
  4. Howell, A., “A Structural Model of Indigenous Innovation and Catch-up for Developing Economies,” (Under Review)
  5. Howell, A., “Ethnic Entrepreneurship,  Initial Sources of Finance, and  Business Performance  in China,” (Under Review).

2. Regional Science and Urban Economics

Evolution of China's 'Product Space'

Evolution of China’s National ‘Product Space’ (Howell, A. Working Paper)

My research examines how the local operating environment (e.g. externalities) influences firm behavior.  Most recently, I consider how the evolution of the local industrial structure, that is changes in technological proximity between industries, impacts firms’ innovation and economic performance. 

 

Relevant Publications/Working Papers (Selected)

  1. Howell, A., He, C., Rudai, Y. and Fan, C.  (2016). Technological Relatedness and Asymmetrical Firm Productivity Gains Under Market Reforms in China, Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society (Forthcoming). (Link)
  2. Howell, A., He, C., Rudai, Y. and Fan, C. (2016).  Agglomeration, (Un)-Related Variety and New Firm Survival in China: Do Local Subsidies Matter?  Papers in Regional Science (Forthcoming). (Link)
  3. Howell, A., “Sources of Relatedness, Firm Performance and the Role of  Private-Public Enterprises in China,” (R&R).

3. Development Economics and Labour Economics

My research explores the intersection of migration, gender and ethnicity and how these characteristics influence individuals/households’  economic and labour market outcomes.  I am also interested in issues  related to poverty and inequality. Much of my early research in this area relies on fieldwork I carried out during my graduate studies (Summers 2007, 2008 and 2010).  

Relevant Publications/Working Papers (Selected)

  1. Howell, A. (2016). Ethnic Migration and Han-Minority Income Inequality in Rural China, World Development (R&R).
  2. Howell, A. and Fan, C. (2011). Migration and Inequality in Xinjiang: A Survey of Han and Uyghur Migrants in Urumqi, Eurasian Geography and Economics, 52:119-139. (Link)
  3. Howell, A. (2011). Labor Market Segmentation in Urumqi, Xinjiang: Exposing Labor Market Segments and Testing the Relationship between Migration and Segmentation, Growth and Change 42: 200-226. (Link)
  4. Howell, A. (2013). Chinese Minority Income Disparity in Urumqi: An Analysis of Han-Uyghur Labour Market Outcomes in the Formal and Informal Economies,  China: An International Journal 11:1-23. (Link)
  5. Howell, A., Gustaffson, B. and Sai, D., “Investigating the Patterns and Determinants of Han and Ethnic Minority Household Migration in China,” (Working Paper).

 CHES Project

2012 CHES Sampling Sites

2012 China Household Ethnic Survey (CHES) Project Sampling Sites

I am a member of the China Household Ethnic Survey (CHES) project.  The CHES project brings together  top scholars  to analyze the first wave of CHES data, which represents the first nation-wide attempt to study the social, economic and health outcomes of China’s more than 100 million ethnic minorities.

 

 

International Fieldwork

Throughout my graduate studies, I led three small-scale summer fieldwork projects in China.   I interviewed rural-urban migrants in Beijing in 2006, Han and Uyghur minorities  in Xinjiang in 2008, and Dai minority cross-border traders along the Yunnan-Burma border in 2010.  For each project, I obtained funding, made contacts with local hosts, organized and trained local enumerators, and devised the sampling design for carrying out surveys.

Interviewing a Uyghur Restaurant Owner and Entrepreneur in Urumqi, NW China

Interviewing a Uyghur Restaurant Owner and Entrepreneur in Urumqi, NW China

Interviewing Han migrants in Urumqi, NW China

Interviewing Han migrants in Urumqi, NW China

Interviewing local vendors at an outdoor bazaar in Kashgar, NW China

Interviewing local vendors at an outdoor bazaar in Kashgar, NW China

Interviewing Uyghurs in the tourist industry in Kashgar, NW China

Horseback riding and interviewing Uyghurs in the tourist industry in Kashgar, NW China